Anne Lamott Is Dead Wrong About First Drafts–And That’s Not All

I know, I know: a lot of people swear by her.  And a lot of writers find her inspiring.

People especially like to quote the writing guru on the subject of first drafts.  She’s apparently very reassuring for anyone who fantasizes that established authors get it right the first time–though are there really folks naive enough to believe that?  They can’t have thought too seriously or deeply about writing.  But then there are also people who tell me that they’ll write a book if they ever get “some free time”–as if that’s all it took.

Lamott’s unsurprising points about revision are valid: you have to keep revising, and revision is the heart of good writing for most writers. Where I think she goes seriously wrong in Bird by Bird is when she uses the word “shitty” to describe first drafts.  And she says that all good writers write them.  Really?  How does she know this for a fact?  Where’s her proof?

“Shitty” is an adjective I’ve never used to describe a first draft of my own.  And it’s a word I’ve never used in any creative writing class, workshop, or master class I’ve taught anywhere.  I think it’s more than just pejorative, it’s gross and inappropriate.  Messy is fine. Disordered, unfocused, rough, undisciplined, chaotic, jumbled, scattered, unfinished, inferior–any words like that will do.

But shitty?  That vulgarity degrades your own work, and it’s a slippery slope–even though Lamott is ostensibly trying to make people relax.  You get writers used to applying a word like shitty to a first draft and it’s too easy for them to survey their other work in dark times and think, “This is shit.”  It can plant the wrong kind of seed in people who already have to deal with doubts about their abilities.

She’s unfortunately spawned hundreds, maybe thousands of writers who throw the words “shitty” and “shit” around in connection with their work without thinking through its implications.

I once had a graduate writing professor call a story I’d worked very hard on “shit.”  Luckily I’d won that MFA program’s literary prize for the story so I was partly armored against his slam, but I was still offended.  I feel the same way when I’ve heard reports from my own students who report what other professors have said about their work.

In that same Bird by Bird essay, Lamott also talks about how much writers suffer, and how writing is never rapturous.  Well maybe some writers do suffer the torments of hell, and maybe for some writers their work is like a series of root canals without anesthesia, but never rapturous?  Her writer friends must be really miserable.  Most of the writers I’ve met enjoy writing.  Yes, it’s true!  They’re not martyrs–they love what they do.

You do not have to suffer to be a writer.  It is not a requirement.  It is not a badge of honor.  It is not a proof that you’re a professional.  And you definitely do not have to disparage your own work.

None of my 26 books has tormented me when I wrote them, and none of the first drafts of my hundreds of stories, essays, reviews, or blogs were “shitty.”  Hell, some of the first drafts were pretty good. Surprisingly good. But I always knew they were just a starting point and I knew they would need more work.  For me, any draft is just opening a door, that’s all.  I don’t need to label it or dismiss it in any way, even if I’m dissatisfied or disappointed.  I just keep working.

Of course its work, but it’s also fun.  Promoting the idea that writers have to suffer plays to a stereotype that’s potentially damaging to beginners, though it may satisfy people who don’t write and don’t understand the process or the life.

Lev Raphael is the author of Writer’s Block is Bunk (Advice for Writers) and 25 other books in genres from memoir to mystery which you can find on Amazon.  He teaches individualized workshops and edits manuscripts in all genres at



11 thoughts on “Anne Lamott Is Dead Wrong About First Drafts–And That’s Not All”

  1. I agree about the profanity. It takes away from the work. In reading her work _on Mercy -“Hallelujah Annyway.” She talks about buying a shirt in Japan that is sure,” to get one laid.” She uses WTF in reference to the Divine and several other F bombs. I suppose she is trying to be cute. But who is the female writer she hates so much, Sue Monk Kidd, Annie Dillard? But really most of her stuff on spirituality she is just surfing off of other more profound thinkers, like Merton or Krishnamurti, Mother Teresa. Hope to read some of your work at some point. Thaks Lev.

  2. You have to remember that Anne Lamott is extremely christian, and they are all about misery, shame, self-loathing, guilt. I’m not here to talk shit on christianity. I am just stating a fact about it. They like to suffer.

    • That’s a really good point, something that hadn’t crossed my mind. I guess she sees herself as a martyr to her craft. That’s unfortunate, because it feeds a stereotype about writers and writing, and is a bad model for beginning writers.

  3. I use this in class and it always gets a good hearted laugh from students. Like the rest of the humor in her book, she exaggerates for humourous effect while still getting at the heart of the thing.

    No one’s first draft of anything is perfect, so her thesis to let go of that yearning for perfection still stands as good advice for first time writers and a reminder even to seasoned ones.

    • Good advice in general, but not remotely unique or special. And as an editor, author, and longtime teacher of creative writing, I think it’s bad advice to label first drafts “shitty” when so many beginning and even more advanced writers have to deal with critical, disparaging inner voices. My students have never thought the term was funny.

  4. Your points are well taken. My favorite of my books required revision but the 1st draft was good; definitely not “shitty”. Her point is that we can revise, tweak, edit that which is “on paper”…which is true and a point I share with audiences and publishing clients.

    In 1991 I took Anne’s Fiction Writing Class at Book Passage in Corte Madera, CA. No question, she is witty, funny but my bottom line: she destroyed my fiction writing goal.
    Interestingly enough, during her class my 1st book (How To Work a Room) hit #1 on Book of The Month Club’s bestseller list. When she asked how I was I shared the good news. The subsequent “feedback” on my writing exercises killed my itch for fiction writing.
    There were 2 specifics incidents that I can see and hear as if it was yesterday not 30 years ago. Last week I found the class notebook. (Swear I’m not a hoarder). I freely share that with any devotees and acolytes even the Bird By Birders.

    • Reminds me of the writing professor in my MFA program who eviscerated a story that won the programs prize and was published in a national magazine. His take: “It’s still shit, but shit with a prize.”


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